The treatment or the right therapy for skin cancer depends on the type of skin cancer a person is suffering from. For instance, Non-melanoma appears on the surface or the outer layers of the skin. That makes it easier to detect and remove even via minor excision, at least in the initial stages. However, Melanoma stems from the deeper layers of skin. Melanoma occurs in the skin cells that are responsible for pigmentation.
In the initial stages of any form of skin cancer, surgical treatments can help remove the affected cells. In the case of non-melanoma skin cancer, excisional surgery is performed. As the name suggests, the doctor exercises out the tissues that are affected by cancer and also the nearby areas just to ensure that there is no infection left behind.
Since melanoma affects the deeper layers of skin, its removal is far more difficult. However, in the nascent stages of melanoma, your doctor may perform Mohs surgery. In Mohs surgery, the doctor studies and introspects each layer of your skin individually, and then excises out all the affected tissues. This method can also be performed for non-melanoma skin cancers, which may have spread to other tissues beyond the surface layer of skin.
However, for those patients who would rather prefer a non-invasive method of Cancer correction, there are some other helpful therapies. Given below are a few therapies that a skin cancer patient could go for after. However, depending on the severity of the disease, one method may be more useful than the others. Thus, it is important you consult an expert panel of doctors to diagnose and prescribe the right procedure ahead. To know more, visit website!
Following are the few therapies that could help:
Using this therapy, doctors expose the patient’s affected skin cells to high-power radiation beams. This process is very effective in killing the cancer cells off. However, the controversy around the usage of radiation therapy is that in some cases, it may also succeed in killing the healthy cells around the affected area.
Chemotherapy is the solution for patients, who cannot risk exposure to radiation or whose cancer cannot be operated out by surgeries alone. In chemotherapy, a patient is exposed to anti-cancer drugs. This could be in the form of medicines or creams and lotions carrying a high dosage of anti-cancer agents. Very effective therapy for non-melanoma, since non-melanoma is rooted in the upper layer of the skin, and directly applying anticancer cream or lotion can help in relieving the patient.
However, can chemotherapy still be used if cancer has spread to other body parts? Yes, the procedure that is then used is known as systemic chemotherapy.
Photodynamic therapy works on the model of exposing cancer cells to a highly focused laser light, which ends up killing them. However, before the patient is exposed to the laser light, certain specialised drugs are induced in the body that helps weaken the cancer cells by making them extra sensitive to light. So, when the laser finally strikes them, it takes no time or effort for the therapy to work its wonders.
Via this technique, a patient makes use of their own immunity to heal themselves from skin cancer, perhaps why, this technique is also known as immunotherapy. This method requires the patient to have 7 to 8 hours of daily sleep, moderate levels of exercise regularly depending upon the severity of their issue, and a healthy balanced diet, which may also include medicines and certain nutrients prescribed by the doctor.
In this method, the doctor would freeze off the affected tissues in your skin, thus, rendering them inactive and dead. This method of treating skin cancer can only be used for initial stages of some non-melanoma skin cancer types such as actinic keratosis.
We hope this article helped you understand the therapies needed for skin cancer better.