The digestive system is a series of organs that work together to turn food into the energy and nutrients the body needs. The digestive system breaks down food and liquids into their essential components: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and vitamins. These essential nutrients are first absorbed into the bloodstream, which transports them to all of the body’s cells. Nutrients provide cells the energy they need to expand and rebuild themselves. The nutrients from the digestive process are needed for the proper functioning of every organ in your body, from your hormones to your heart.
When you chew, food passes from your mouth to your stomach through the oesophagus. It then travels through the small and large intestines before leaving as waste through the anus. The digestive system also includes the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. Chemicals are produced by these organs, which cause digestion to take place.
Both of these organs work together to ensure that the body gets the nutrients it needs. Any organs are hollow, and others are fully solid. Food is passed through the digestive system through a series of muscle contractions from the hollow organs to the strong organs. Peristalsis is the name for this vital operation.
Author: Dr. Sarmed Sami
MBChB, MRCP, PGCME, PhD Consultant Gastroenterologist,
Founder and Director of Digestive Health UK. https://digestivehealthuk.com/
Maintaining digestive health
Maintaining the integrity of your digestive system will help you prevent digestive issues. To keep the digestive system in tip-top condition, follow these simple guidelines and enjoy a good digestive health:
Per day, consume seven or more servings of fruits and vegetables. Fiber, nutrients, antioxidants, vitamins, and prebiotics are all present in fruits and vegetables, and they help to keep the digestive system safe.
Whole-grain breads, pastas, and cereals can be eaten. Whole grains are richer in fibre and nutrients than white “enriched” grain goods, and they aid the growth of healthy colon bacteria.
Processed foods, such as sausages and hot dogs, can be avoided because they can cause stomach disorders. Beef, pork, and lamb can both be consumed in moderation. Bacteria that can damage the digestive system are more likely to be found in these meats.
Make sure you’re having enough calcium and vitamin D. Consume sufficiently calcium-rich foods and liquids, such as milk, tofu, and yoghurt, to reduce stomach issues. Taking vitamin D supplements and getting your sun exposure safely will also help you avoid stomach problems.
Exercise on a daily basis. Physical exercise can assist in the preservation of a balanced digestive system. At least three times a week, aim for 30 minutes of mild to intense exercise.
Overweight or underweight people are most likely to have stomach disorders. Exercise and a balanced diet will help you reduce the risk. Speak to the doctor on what you should do if you’re having trouble losing or gaining weight.