Most of the aged people will suffer from retinal illness. When the retina becomes separated from the nerve tissues and blood supply underneath it, there is an occurrence of retinal diseases and detachment problems. In this article, we are going to get information about the retinal diseases symptoms and available treatment methods.
General symptoms for retinal diseases
Below is the list of things to detect the retinal diseases symptoms, including:
- Increase the number and size of eye floaters
- The appearance of a grey curtain over the part of your vision
- Floaters with flashes
- Shadows in your peripheral vision
- Finally, sudden decrease or loss in vision
Methods for diagnosis of retinal diseases
- Amsler grid test: The doctor uses the Amsler grid to test the clarity of your central vision. The lines of the grid seem faded or broken, and note that distortion occurs on the grid to understand the retinal damage.
- Optical coherence tomography: This technique is an excellent way of capturing precise images of the retina, which will diagnose the epiretinal membranes, macular holes, and swelling. It will help to detect age-related macular degeneration.
- Fluorescein angiography: This test uses the dye that causes blood vessels in the retina to stay under the light. It will be useful to exactly identify the blood vessels, new abnormal blood vessels, leaking blood vessels, and any changes in the back of the eye.
- Indocyanine green angiography: It uses a dye that lights up when exposed to infrared light. Thus will resulting, images of retinal blood vessels and subtle changes in the eye.
- CT and MRI: During these imaging methods can be used to evaluate eye injuries and tumors.
- Ultrasound: This test will undergo high-frequency sound waves that are ultrasonography, which will help to view the retina and structures in the eye. It also identifies the tissue characteristics that will be helpful to diagnose and treat eye tumors.
Treatment for retinal diseases
Laser surgery: This surgery will help to repair tears in the retina. The laser will create scarring that binds the retina to the underlying tissue. Laser treatment is always a painless solution to your retinal diseases.
Cryopexy: During this, it applies an intense cold to the underlying tissue, which will cause a scar to develop that remains the retain in place. producing scar tissue that will seal the tear and to prevent further damage.
Pneumatic retinopexy: In this treatment, a small glass bubble is placed in the eye that holds the retina in the same place. Because, in the case of laser surgery, the need to ensure that retina will stay in the correct position.
Scleral buckle: During the process of treatment, the suturing a silicon buckle to the eye, that will indent the wall of the eye position and allows the retina to reattach.
Evacuating & replacing the fluid: During this process, your surgeon will remove gel-like fluid and then injects air, gas or liquid into space. It helps to treat the people who are affected with a retinal tear, diabetic retinopathy, eye trauma, and macular hole infection.