Acne: Treatment and Causes


Active acne is a prevalent skin condition that may affect the chest, face, back, and shoulders. Acne usually appears throughout adolescence. While acne usually clears up on its own, it may occasionally continue and become a big issue during your life. As a result, it’s advised to get early treatment for acne, particularly since using a mask is the new standard in humid Singapore. It is done to lessen the possibility of scarring.

Acne during adolescence is caused by the skin’s reaction to hormonal fluctuations. The sebaceous glands of the skin create an excessive amount of sebum throughout puberty (skin oil). The entrances of the sebaceous glands to the skin’s surface are commonly obstructed, resulting in blackheads and whiteheads. Bacteria residing on the skin’s surface affect the fatty acids inside these clogged oil glands. This infection causes skin irritation, pustules, and, in rare cases, severe cysts.

Stress, poor sleep, hormonal fluctuations around menstruation, a humid and hot atmosphere, inappropriate occlusive sunscreen or cosmetics, close-fitting clothes, and headgear may all cause acne. Fortunately, there are active treatments in Singapore that can help.

Acne Types

Each sort of acne lesion necessitates a unique therapy. Prompt, appropriate therapy may lower the likelihood of long-term skin issues like (PIH) Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, dark patches, and scarring. Acne is classified into two types based on whether it causes inflammation of the skin surrounding it.

Non-Inflammatory Acne

Blackheads and whiteheads are the most common types of acne lesions that are non-inflammatory. They do not usually cause discomfort or edema.


In medical terms, whiteheads are also called comedones; they’re microscopic spots or lumps that appear as flesh or white-colored lesions. These lesions are distinguished by a white, spherical center surrounded by a crimson halo. A hair strand might sometimes develop from the center of a whitehead, giving the appearance that it is stuck within the lesion. The skin around a whitehead is more likely to seem wrinkled or stretched, especially if your whitehead is big or high. Luckily, whiteheads don’t usually result in skin scarring.


In medical terms, blackheads are called open comedones. These spots are tiny, dark or black in color, and might seem as slightly raised lumps. While the core section of the blackhead is darker compared to the surrounding region, the surrounding region has a regular tone. Unlike common perception, blackhead discoloration isn’t caused by trapped dirt. Once your skin on the bump fractures, the contents of your whitehead are exposed to air, making them darken because of oxidation.

Inflammatory Acne Types

These are lesions that seem inflammatory and swollen, red, and warm when touched. Inflammatory acne manifests itself as nodules, cysts, pustules, and papules.


They take the shape of little red pimples that appear under the surface of skin. These lesions lack a discernible core composed of pus-like whiteheads.

Pustules (Pimples)

Pustules are larger pimples that are painful to touch. They are distinguished by a well-defined, round center. The pus in the center is usually pale or yellowish in color and is generated by an affected cavity of the pore. Acne pustules are often uncomfortable and rough when touched. The skin surrounding the lump is often irritated and red.


Nodules acne is a chronic form of acne defined by inflammatory, big, and unpleasant lumps firmly lodged within your skin. Nodules acne, like bigger, deeper papules, lack a discernible head or center. Acne lesions develop once blocked pores influence the deeper cells and tissues beneath the skin. The lesions might lead to dark patches, scarring, and other skin issues.

Acne cysts are the most serious kind of acne. They’re often characterized by pus-filled lumps of white or white color. These lumps, which are situated deep under the epidermis, are often enormous, soft, and painful to the touch. a cyst ruptures, the infection might spread, leading to additional skin outbreaks. Cysts, if not treated, may cause scarring and other skin issues.

Singapore Acne Treatments

Active acne treatments in Singapore should begin as soon as possible; untreated acne generally results in marring skin scarring, which might lead to social and emotional shortcomings in certain acne patients.

A combination of dermal and epidermal laser treatments, as well as Microneedling and Carbon Laser, combined with topical drugs like medi-facials and chemical peels, may typically eliminate active acne and improve scar look very quickly.